Clomid is a non-steroid anti-estrogen. Mechanism of its action consists in a specific binding with receptor for estrogen in ovary and hypophysis. In patients with low estrogen levels in organism, it causes estrogen effect and in ones, with high estrogen levels, it causes an anti-estrogen effect. Its small doses increase secretion of gonadotropins (prolactin, Follicle stimulating hormone, FSH and interstitial cell-stimulating hormone), stimulates ovulation; in large doses slows secretion of gonadotropins. In the whole action of Clomid consists of stimulation of ovulation to occur and prepares the body for pregnancy. This medication may be used for male patients with infertility caused by low production of sperm.
Dosage and direction
Clomid is administered to stimulate ovulation 50 mg 1 time a day at bedtime, starting from 5th day of the menstrual cycle during 5 days (in the absence of the cycle - at any time). In case of no effect (ovulation does not occur within 30 days) increase the dose to 150 mg/day or lengthen the course to 10 days. Take exactly as prescribed, do not take the medication in larger quantities.
Before to take Clomid to notify your doctor if you have ever had an allergic reaction to clomiphene, liver diseases, mental depression, thrombophlebitis. This drug may cause vision problems, dizziness, or lightheadedness, be especially attentive if you need driving or operating machinery which requires high concentration of attention.
Hypersensitivity, liver or kidney failure, metrorrhagia of unknown aetiology, ovarian cysts, neoplasms of genital organs, tumour or hypofunction of the hypophysis, endometriosis, ovarian failure together with hyperprolactinaemia, pregnancy.
Possible side effect
Together with allergy symptoms such as swelling of lips, tongue, or face or hives in some patients may appear in the following conditions:
• ovarian enlargement presenting as abdominal or pelvic pain
• vomiting, or diarrhoea,
• blurred vision
• abnormal uterine bleeding.
Inform your doctor and laboratory operators about all medications and herbal products you are taking if you are treated with Clomid.
If you missed a dose take it as soon as you remember, but not if it is almost time of the next intake by your schedule. If so skip the missed dose. Do not try to make up a missed dose by taking an extra one.
If you suspect that you took too much of the medication seek for immediate medical attention.
Store Clomid in a dry place away from sunlight at room temperature between 15-30 C (59-86 F).